24
Jan
08

Fortifications of Luzon

 

Fortifications of Luzon

 

 

Region

Province

Catalogue Number Muncipality/ City

Date of Construction/ Builder

Type

Status

Luzon

 

 

 

 

 

Region 1: Ilocos

 

Ilocos Norte

01-01 Bacarra

ca. late-18th century

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

01-02 Badoc

Probably early-18th/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

01-03-04 Currimao

late-18th century

Watchtower

Ruins (North tower better preserved than the south tower)

 

 

01-05 Laoag

1700/ Augustinians

Belltower

Repaired

 

 

01-06 Pasuquin

ca. late-18th century

Watchtower

Ruined but sufficient remains

 

Ilocos Sur

01-07 Bantay

Probably 1691-92;restored 1870-85, 1892/ Alonso Cortes, OSA, Eduardo Navarro, OSA and Lizardo Villanueva, OSA

Belltower

Repaired, used as church belltower

 

 

01-08 Cabugao

After 1791/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Partially ruined

 

 

01-09 Narvacan Sulvec

Probably late-18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Restored

 

 

01-10-11 San Esteban

mid-19th century/ Dámaso Vieytez, OSA, Don Agustín Santiago and Don Domingo Sumabas

Watchtower

Degraded

 

 

01-12 Santa

Most likely 18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

UNCERTAIN

 

 

01-13 Santiago

mid-19th century/ Dámaso Vieytez, OSA, Don Agustín Santiago and Don Domingo Sumabas

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

01-14 Sinait

Most likely 18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Partially ruined

 

 

01-15 Santo Domingo

Uncertain

Watchtower

Ruins

 

La Union

01-16 Bacnotan

Probably late-18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Uncertain

 

 

01-17 Balaoan Darigayos

Probably late-18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

01-18 Bauang

Probably late-18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

No remains but oral tradition attest to existence of tower in the past

 

 

01-19 Carlatan

Probably late-18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Reused as a residence in a resort

 

 

01-20 Luna

Probably late-18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Ruined recently

 

 

01-21 San Juan

Probably late-18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Ruins

Region 2: Cagayan

 

Batanes

02-01 Basco (Fuerza de San Vicente)

ca. 1798/ Dominicans

Fortification

No remains

 

 

02-02 Ivana (San Felix de Naviec)

After 1791/ probably military

Fortification

No remains

 

Isabela

02-03 Cabagan

Demolished by 1738/ Military

Fortification

No remains

 

Cagayan

02-04 Capinata[n] (Presidio de San José)

ca. 1719/ Military

Fortification

No remains

 

 

02-05 Cavicunga (Presidio de San José)

ca/ 1738/ Military

Fortification

No remains

 

 

02-07 Itugud (Fuerza de Santiago)

Before 1738/ Military

Fortification

No remains

 

 

02-08 Lallo (Castillo de San Francisco)

Before 1719; NHI-“prior to 1751”/ Military

Fortification

No remains

 

 

02-09 Tuao (Fuerza de San José)

Before 1719/ Military

Fortification

Ruins

 

Nueva Vizcaya

02-06 Dupax (Church of San Vicente Ferrer)

18th century (1776)/ Dominicans

Fortified church

Some remains of loopholes in convento

CAR Cordillera Administrative Region

 

Abra

CAR-01 Bucay (Fuerte Gen. Martinez, Cuartel de Bucay)

Probably first half 19th century (1848)/ probably military

Fortification

Ruins

Region 3: Central Luzon

 

Aurora

03-01 Baler Tower 1

1847/ Jose Urbina de Esparragosa, OFM

Watchtower

No remains

 

 

03-02 Baler Tower 2

1847/ Jose Urbina de Esparragosa OFM

Watchtower

No remains

 

 

03-03 Baler Church

Probably 1864/ Jose Urbina de Esparragosa OFM

Fortified church

No remains

 

 

03-04 Baler Naval Station

19th century/ Spanish Navy

Naval Station

No remains

 

 

03-05 Casiguran

Probably late-19th century/ Franciscans

Watchtower

Uncertain

 

Bataan

03-06 Morong

Probably late-18th century/ Recollects

Fortified church

Renovated

 

Pam-panga

03-07 Mamalas

Demolished by 1738/ private individual (maintained by Capt. Miguel de Pelayo)

Fortification

No remains

 

Zambales

03-08 Botolan (La Playa Honda)

ca. 1663-68/ Military

Fortification

Ruins covered with lahar

 

 

03-09 Subic

1885/ Navy

Naval Station

Gate exists, renovated

NCR National Capital Region

 

 

NCR-01 Manila (Intramuros)

1594-1878/ Various—e.g. Antonio Sedeño SJ, Dionisio Tongco, Gov. Gen. Perez de Dasmariñas, Juan de Ciscara, Dionisio O’Kelley

Fortified city

Restored

 

 

NCR-02 Manila (Santiago)

1581/ Various [See above NCR-01]

Bastioned fort

 

Restored

 

 

NCR-03 Manila (San Antonio Abad)

1584; renovated and reinforced, 1764/ Military

Bastioned fort

 

Restored

 

 

NCR-04 San Juan (Polverin)

1771/ Military

Ammunition depot

Little remains

Region 4A: CALABARZON (Formerly Southern Tagalog)

 

Batangas

04A-01 Batangas

Before 1778/ Augustinians

Fortfied church

 

No remains

 

 

04A-02 Bauang

Between 1671 and 1689 (fortification at Lonal or Loual); 1775 (fortification at Aplaya Bay) demolished 1845/ Nicolás de Rivera, OSA (Lonal fortification); Miguel Bañas, OSA (Aplaya Bay fortification)

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

04A-03-05 Various Sites

Insufficient data

Watchtowers

Unconfirmed

 

Cavite

04A-06 Cavite City (Puerto de Cavite)

Early 16th-19th century/ Military, various architects and engineers

Fortified city

Little remains

 

 

04A-07 Cavite City (San Felipe)

1609-1616, constructed; Renovated 1705; demolished early 20th century/ Military; renovation 1705 Juan de Ciscara

Bastioned fort

Royal shipyard

Little remains: Gate part of a wall and bastion

 

 

04A-08-12 Corregidor

1779 onwards / In the 18th century, the Spanish navy. In the 20th century, the American military

Naval Station

 

Partially restored

 

 

04A-13 Maragondon

Probably 18th century/ Probably Jesuits

Fortified church

Little remains

 

Laguna

04A-14 Santa Rosa

1877/ Guardia civil

Military barracks

Ruins

 

Quezon

04A-15 Atimonan (Iskong Bantay)

ca. 1752/ Probably Franciscans

 

Watchtower

Rins

 

 

04A-16 Atimonan Convent

1696 / Fray José de Jesus Maria, OFM

Fortified church

 

Renovated

 

 

04A-17 Gumaca (San Diego de Alcala)

Second half 18th century, 1850 (connecting wall)/ Franciscans; in the 19th century, Francisco Costa, OFM

Fortification

Partial ruins renovated

 

 

04A-18 Lucena

Before 1887/ Probably Franciscans

Watchtower

No remains

Region 4B: MIMAROPA

 

Marindu-que

04B-01 Boac Church

18th century/ Jesuits

Fortified church

Renovated

 

 

04B-02 Boac Laylay Tower

18th century?/ Jesuits

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

04B-03 Gasan

19th century/ Probably secular clergy

Watchtower

Fortified church

Ruins

 

 

04B-04 Mogpog

18th century/ Jesuis

Fortified church

Little remains

 

 

04B-05 Sta Cruz Church

18th century; 1721/ Jesuits

Fortified church

Renovated church, walls degraded

 

 

04B-06 Sta Cruz Tower

18th century?/ Jesuits

Watchtower

Renovated

 

Mindoro

04B-07 Bongabong

Probably 17th century, if the Jesuit attribution is correct/ Attributed to the Jesuits

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

04B-08 Calapan

1768/ Diego de San José, OAR

Watchtower

 

Some remains, portion of wall and bastion

 

 

04B-09 Naujan

Probably late 18th to 19th century/ Probably Recollects

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

04B-10 Puerto Galera

Probably 18th century, 1753 onwards/ Militar

Naval station

No remains

 

 

04B-11 San Teodoro

Probably 19th century/ Recollects

Watchtower

Degraded

 

Palawan

04B-12 Agutaya

1683, other dates given are 1739 and 1784 as the date of completion./ Juan de Severo, OAR; the 1784 dated fort is attributed to the encomendero Antonio de Rojas who delineated the plan of the fort.

Bastioned fort

Degraded

 

 

04B-13 Balabac

After 1857/ Military

Naval Station

Uncertain

 

 

04B-14 Cagayancillo

late 16th (ca. 1580s) century to 1701-1714/ Fray Nicolas Melo, OSA;  Fray Alonso Calosa, OSA (parish priest from 1590-1602); Fray Hipolito Casiano (parish priest 1690 – 1714

Bastioned fort

Degraded

 

 

04B-15 Culion

1683, renovated and improved 1740/ Juan de Severo OAR

Bastioned fort

Some remains

 

 

04B-16 Cuyo Poblacion

1683; the NHI historical marker at Cuyo gives as construction date as “about 1680.” Bell tower built in 1827/ Juan de Severo, OAR

Bastioned fort

Renovated

 

 

04B-17 Cuyo Lucbuan

Probably 19th century/ Uncertain, probably the townspeople or the military

Fortification

Degraded

 

 

04B-18 Linapacan Poblacion (San Miguel)

before 1738/ Recollects and townspeople

Natural Fortification

Ruins

 

 

04B-19 Linapacan Caseladan

Before 1738/ Recollect

Bastioned fort

 

Ruins

 

 

04B-20 Puerto Princesa (Cuarteles)

19th century/ Spanish military

Military barracks

 

Some remains: Gate

 

 

04B-21 Taytay

1626, ca. 1738/ Agustin de San Pedro OAR; military engineer Tomás de Castro

Bastioned fort

Ruins

 

 

04B-22 Labo[g]

1719; demolished 1720/ Atilano de San José, OAR

Fortification

No remains

 

 

04B-23 Dumaran

Probably late 18th century or early 19th (See discussion below)/ Probably Recollect

Fortification

Ruins

 

 

04B-24 Silanga

Uncertain/ Probably Recollects

Watchtower

No remains

 

Romblon

04B-25 Banton

 

1644, more probably 18thcentury; renovated 1990s/ Recollecs, attributed to Fray Agustin de San Pedro “El padre capitan,” assigned to Banton 1640-50

Fortified church

 

Renovated

 

 

04B-26 Romblon San Andres

1640-50/ Agustin de San Pedro OAR, “padre capitan

Bastioned fort

 

Degraded, used as PAGASA meteorogical station

 

 

04B-27 Romblon Santiago

1640-50 / Agustin de San Pedro, OAR

Gun emplacement

Ruins

 

 

04B-28 Simara (Corcuera)

1855-1860/ Recollects, misattributed to Agustin de San Pedro

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

04B-29 Sibuyan

Probably 19th century/ Probably military

Military barracks

Degraded, abandoned

 

 

04B-30 Tablas

Insufficient data but reported in a 1791 list of fortifications in the Visayas. Tablas is listed as having a stone baluarte./ Probably Recollects

Watchtower

Uncertain

Region 5: Bicol

 

Camarines

05-01 Jose Panganiban [Mambulao] (Fuerza de San Carlos)

1755/ Don Francisco Xavier Estrogo Gallegos

Watchtower

No remains reported

 

 

05-02 Libmanan

18th century/ Probably townspeople under the military

Watchtower

No remains reported

 

 

05-03 Paracale (Fuerza de San Fernando de Malaguit)

1754/ Francisco Xavier Estrogo Gallegos

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

05-04 Pasacao

18th century-19th century/ Military

Watchtower

No remains reported

 

 

05-05 Vinzon [Indan]

late 18th to 19th century / Uncertain

Watchtower

No remains

 

 

05-06-08 Various Sites

late 18th century-early 19th century/ Townspeople with local leaders

Watchtower

Degraded

 

Albay

05-09 Albay

By 1884, probably by 18th century/ Probably townspeople with help of the military

Watchtower

No remains

 

 

05-10 Bato (Fuerza de San Felipe Neri)

 

Late 18th century/ Townspeople with local leaders

Watchtower

Uncertain

 

 

05-11 Lagonoy

 

late 18th century/ Townspeople with local leaders

Watchtower

Uncertain

 

 

05-12 Tabaco

 

Late 18th century/ Towns people, Franciscans

Belltower

 

Good condition

 

 

05-13 Tiwi

 

late 18th century/ Townspeople with local leaders

Watchtower

Uncertain

 

 

05-14-19 Various Sites

late 18th century/ Townspeople with local leaders

Watchtower

Unconfirmed, degraded

 

Sorsogon

05-20-21 Bacon

Probably 18th century/ Townspeople with the Franciscan parish priest

Fortified town

Watchtower

Degraded, walls remain

Ruins

 

 

05-22 Bagatao

Before 1616/ Most likely the navy

Naval Station

Royal shipyard

No remains

 

 

05-23 Bulan

After 1801/ Captains or gobernadorcillo of town, probably under the direction of the military or the Franciscan friars

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

05-24 Bulusan-Dapdap

ca. 1760/ Probably Franciscans with townspeople

Watchtower

Degraded

 

 

05-25 Bulusan-Macabare

ca. 1760/ Probably Franciscans with townspeople

Watchtower

Degraded

 

 

05-26 Bulusan-Layog

1799/ Probably Townspeople under their local gobernadorcillos

Watchtower

Degraded

 

 

05-27 Bulusan-Poblacion

ca. 1760/ Probably Franciscans with the townspeople

Fortified church

Degraded, walls still standing

 

 

05-28 Bulusan-Tawog

ca. 1760/ Probably Franciscans with townspeople

Watchtower

Degraded

 

 

05-29-34 Casiguran

18th century/ Most likely townspeople under the Franciscans and military

Watchtowers

Uncertain

 

 

05-35 Donsol

17th century/ Spanish navy

Fortification

Royal shipyard

No remains

 

 

05-36 Pilar (Astillero de Pilar)

Second half of the 16th century to early 17th century/ Spanish navy

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

05-37 Juban

Probably by mid-18th century/ Probably townspeople with local parish priest

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

05-38-56 Various

Various dates. Built by the 18th century, between 1734 and 1844/ Townspeople with under the leadership of the local priest or friar or a civil servant or the miltiary

Watchtower

Degraded

 

Masbate

05-57 Baleno

18th century?/ Townspeople and local leaders

Watchtower

No remains

 

 

05-58 Mobo (El Invincible Obando)

1752 demolished

not long afterconstruction/Lucas de CastroOAR

Fortification

Demolished few years after 1752

 

Ticao

05-59 Ticao (Fuerza de San Jacinto)

Built by 1799 or by 1810 / Agustin de Santa Catalina, OAR

Watchtower

No remains

Region

Province

Catalogue Number Muncipality/ City

 

 

 

 

 

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