24
Jan
08

Fortifications of Mindanao

 

Fortifications of Mindanao

 

Region

 

Province

Catalogue Number Municipality/ City

Date of Construction/ Builder

Type

Status

Mindanao

 

 

 

 

 

Region 9: Zamboanga

 

Basilan

09-01 Isabela

( Isabel)

19th century: ca. 1844-48/ Military engineer following the plan of engineer Emilio Bernaldez

Bastioned fort

Demolished, site of Provincial Capitol

 

Zamboanga del Norte

09-02 Dapitan

(Santiago)

before 1738 (1762)/ Military

Natural site

Remains on Ilihan Hill

 

 

09-03 Katipunan

before 1791/ Uncertain

Watchtower

No remains

 

 

09-04 Sindangan

19th century/ Military

Military garrison

No remains

 

Zamboanga-Sibuguey

09-05 Recodo (la Caldera)

 

1593-99, 1831/ Military

 

Naval station

 

No remains, demolished 1967

 

 

09-06-06 Zamboanga City (Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Zarragosa)

1635, 1719/

Melchor de Vera (Jesuit priest); Juan de Ciscara (military engineer)

Bastioned fort

 

Restored, under the National Museum, Zamboanga Branch

 

 

 

09-06-07 Santa Barbara

By 18th century

Fortified settlement

No remains

 

 

09-08 Santa Maria

19th century (before 1861)/ Military

Palisade with blockhouse

No remains

 

 

09-09 San Ramon

Before 1861/ Military

Miltiary garrison

No remains

 

Zamboanga del Sur

09-10 Margosatubig

Before 1861/ Military

 

Fortification

 

No remains

 

 

09-11 Tukuran

Before 1891/ Military

Fortification

No remains

Region 10: Northern Mindanao

 

Camiguin

10-01 Bonbon

 

Before 1871, probably late 18th century. Claims that the ruins are dated to the 16th cannot be supported./ Presumably Recollects and townspeople

Watchtower

 

Ruins

 

 

 

10-02 Guinsiliban

Probably late 18th century; construction data is inadequate. The watchtower might be older than this hypothetical date since the settlement was already established by 1598./ Probably Recollect friars

Watchtower

 

Ruins

 

 

 

10-03 Mambajao

Late 18th century/ Probably Recollects

Fortified church

No remains

 

Lanao del Norte

10-04 Iligan (San Miguel Arcanghel)

 

before 1738/ Spanish military, but an earlier fort (17th century) may have been built by the Jesuits.

Bastioned fort

 

 

No remains

 

 

 

 

10-05 Lianga (Almonte)

1892; an older fort may have built earlier but data is sketchy./ Corps of military engineers

Bastioned fort

 

Ruins

 

 

 

10-06 Baloi / Momungan (Weyler)

1891, reconstructed 1894./ Corps of military engineers

Field fortification

No remains

 

Misamis Occidental

10-07 Oroquieta

 

Inadequate data

Watchtower

 

 

No remains

 

 

 

 

10-08 Ozamis City (Nuestra Señora de la Concepción y Triunfo)

Various dates are given namely, 1754 or ca.1756; others state 1754 as the definite date when construction began./ José Ducos, SJ and Juan Nepomuceno Paver, SJ

Bastioned fort

Restored

 

Misamis Oriental

10-09 Cagayan de Oro City

 

before 1738, earlier fort probably 17th century. At a later time, the fort walls may have rebuilt later in stone./ Agustin de San Pedro, OAR

Fortified town

 

 

No remains

 

 

 

 

10-10 Hiponan

By mid-18th century/ Uncertain

Watchtower

 

 

 

 

10-11 Initao

By 18th century/ Uncertain

Watchower

 

No remains

 

 

10-12 Salay

By 18th century/ Uncertain

Watchower

 

Region 11: Davao

 

Davao Oriental

11-01 Cateel

Palisade by 18th century, most likely before 1734; stone fort uncertain./ Probably Recollect friars or military.

Fort

No remains

Region 12: SOCCCKSARGEN

 

Cotabato

12-01 Libungan

By 1889/ Military under Teniente de ingenieros Juan Barranco y González Estefani

Blockhouse

No remains

 

 

12-02 Pikit

1893/ Military

Bastioned fort

Ruins

 

Cotabato City

12-03 Cotabato City

By 1891/ Military

 

No remains

 

 

12-04 Tamontaka

By 1891/ Military

 

No remains

 

Sarangani

12-05 Sarangani

By 1891/ Military

 

No remains

 

Sultan Kudarat

12-06 Lebak

By 1891/ Military

 

No remains

Region 13  Caraga

 

Agusan

13-01 Butuan City

Probably 18th century/ Probably the Recollects

Wooden fortification

 

No remains

 

 

 

13-02 Linao (San José)

1680s/ Agustin de San Pedro OAR

Fortification

No remains

 

Caraga

13-03 Paniquian

Constructed by 18th century; stone tower probably around this time or later/ Probably the townspeople under the leadership of the local friar, most likely Fray Valero de San Agustin, the founder of the town

Watchtower

No remains

 

 

13-04 Tandag (San José)

1609; 1631 attacked by Caragas; 1754 attacked by Maguindanaos;

repaired later in 1761 and 1767; reported as in ruins by 1795, probably repaired afterwards/ Crown

Bastioned fort

No remains

 

 

Surigao

13-05 Cacub

 

Late 18th century, before 1779/ Probably Recollects

Watchtower

 

No remains

 

 

13-06-08 Various Sites

Late 18th century, before 1779/ Probably Recollects

Watchtowers

No remains

ARMM Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao

 

Maguinda-nao

ARMM-01 Dulawan (Regina Regente)

1896/ Military

Bastioned fort

Demolished 1970s

 

 

ARMM-02 Lambayong

Probably 19th  century/ Military

 

Bastioned fort

Ruins

 

 

ARMM-03 Parang

 

19th century/ Military

Fort

Ruins

 

 

ARMM-04 Polloc

By 1861/ Military

Fort

No remains

 

 

ARMM-05 Tinukup (Fuerte de Tinukup; Fuerte de Regina Cristina)

ca. 1892/ Military

 

No remains

 

 

ARMM-06 Various Sites

Before 1891. A photograph of the Kudaranga fort in the Filipinas Heritage Library (fhl AR0062), annotates the fortification as ca. 1890/ Military

Watchtowers

No remains

 

Lanao del Sur

ARMM-07 La Sabanilla

17th century, 1639, other date given 1649/ attributed to Melchor de Vera, S.J., who built Fort San José in Zamboanga in 1635 (See Catalogue 09-08/09)

Bastioned fort

No remains

 

 

ARMM-08 Malabang

1892 / Corps of military engineers under the direction Capitan Juan Gálvez y Delgado

 

Ruins

 

 

 

ARMM-09 Trocha

 

1891-1896 (other sites were built earlier, see below)/ Military

Bastioned fort

 

No remains

 

 

 

ARMM-10 Various Sites: Lake and River

ca. 1889-91; 1892; 1895/ Momungan fort Spanish military under Gov. Gen. Valeriano Weyler; he was governor general from 1889 to 1891.

Field fortifications

No remains

 

Jolo

ARMM-11 Jolo Pier

ca. 1878/ Military

Watchtower

Degraded

 

 

ARMM-12 Jolo (Alfonso XII)

ca. 1878/ Military

 

Bastioned fort

Ruins

 

 

ARMM-13 Jolo Intramuros

1876-78/ Spanish military

Fortified town

 

Little remains

 

 

 

ARMM-14 Jolo (Princesa de Asturias)

ca. 1876-78/ Military

Bastioned fort

Demolished

 

Tawitawi

ARMM-15 Sibutu Island Siasi

After 1883/ Probably military

Watchtower

Unconfirmed

 

 

ARMM-16 Tawitawi, Bongao Island

After 1883/ Military

Watchtower

Unconfirmed

Region

Province

Catalogue Number Muncipality/ City

Date of construction

Type

Status

 

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