24
Jan
08

Fortifications of the Visayas

 

Fortifications of the Visayas

 

 

Region

Province

Catalogue Number Muncipality/ City

Date of

construction/Builder

Type

Status

Visayas

 

 

 

 

 

Region 6: Western Visayas

 

Capiz

06-01 Barra

Probably 19th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

06-02 Dumulog

Probably 19th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

06-03 Nipa Point (also Ford Point)

1814/ Probably Augustinians

Fortification

Ruins

 

 

06-04 Mambusao

By late-18th  century/ Probably Augustinians

Watchtower

No remains

 

 

06-05 Roxas City

Before 1738/ Military

Fortification

No remains

 

Iloilo

06-06 Between Guimbal and Miagao (at RASCO)

Probably late 18th century/ Augustinians; 1984, 2002 restored and repaired

Watchtower

Restored

 

 

06-07 Guimbal (at Br. Pescador)

Probably late 18th century/ Augustinians; 1984 restored

Watchtower

Restored

 

 

06-08 Guimbal

(at Br. Colon)

Probably late 18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Restored

 

 

06-09 Iloilo City (San Pedro)

1616/ Military; 1738, 1820: Subsequent repairs and improvement

Fortification

Little  remains

 

 

06-10 Miagao Baybay

1760 (accdg to NHI)/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Renovated

 

 

06-11 Miagao

1786-1797/ Francisco Maximo Gonzales OSA

Fortified church

Restored

 

Negros Occidental

06-12 Bacolod

1888/ Mauricio Ferrero OAR and Fernando Cuenca

Military barracks

Partial ruins

 

 

06-13 Himamaylan

Probably late 18th century/ Uncertain

Military garrison

Degraded

 

Antique

06-14 Bugasong

Probably late 18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

06-15 Libertad

Probably late 18th century/ Augustinians

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

06-16 San Jose

1792; 1812 subsequent repairs/ Augustinians

Triangular fortification

Ruins

 

Aklan

06-17 Batang

late 18th century – early 19th century/ Military

Watchtower

No remains

Region 7: Central Visayas

 

Negros Oriental

07-01 Ayungon

Probably 19th century/ Recollects

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-02 Dauin

Probably 19th century/ Recollects

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-03 Dumaguete

1760, 1811/ Recollects

Belltower

Renovated

 

 

07-04 Manjuyod

Probably 19th century/ Recollects

Watchtower

Ruins

 

Cebu

07-05 Alcoy 1

Between 1802-1815/ Fray Julian Bermejo OSA

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-06 Alcoy 2

1802-1815/ Julian Bermejo OSA

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-07 Argao Rauis

1802-1815?/ Attributed to Julian Bermejo, OSA

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-08 Argao Poblacion

1783, 1803-1830/ Francisco Espina OSA and Mateo Pérez OSA

Fortified church

Renovated; some sections degraded

 

 

07-09 Boljoon Church

1802-1809/ Julian Bermejo OSA

Fortified church

Renovated

 

 

07-10 Boljoon Tower 2

1802-1809/ Julian Bermejo OSA

Blockhouse

Good condition

 

 

07-11 Boljoon Tower

1802-1815/ Julian Bermejo, OSA

Watchtower

Degraded

 

 

07-12 Caceres

19th cent/ Julian Bermejo OSA

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-13 Caceres 2

19th cent/ Julian Bermejo OSA

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-14 Carcar Bas

Between 1802 and 1815/ Attributed to Fray Julian Bermejo OSA and townspeopl

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-15 Carcar Ocaña

Between 1802 and 1815/ Attributed to Fray Julian Bermejo OSA and townspeople

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-16 Carcar Valladolid

Between 1802 and 1815/ Attributed to Fray Julian Bermejo OSA and townspeople

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-17 Catmon

First half of 19th century between 1835 and 1843./ Attributed to Miguel (Martinez y de la Fuente) de Jesus, OAR, founder of Catmon and parish priest 1835-1843.

Fortification

Ruins

 

 

07-18 Cebu City (San Pedro)

1565 (palisade); ca. 1600-35 (first stone structure); 1738, 1833 renovation./ Spanish military under Miguel Lopez de Legazpi; attributed to Gianantonio Campioni, SJ; Tomas Castro?

Bastioned fort

Restored

 

 

07-19 Dalaguete  Coro

Insufficient data on foundations of watchtower facing the sea or on reputed watchtower on the nearby mountain,/ Most probably Julian Bermejo and townspeople

Watchtower

 

Ruins

 

 

07-20 Dalaguete 1768 Tower

1768/ Probably Augustinians

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-21 Dalaguete Obong

Probably 19th century/ Attributed to Fray Julian Bermejo, OSA

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-22 Danao

Church constructed 1755, 19th century repairs/ Recollects, Fr. Manuel de Santa Barbara, OAR

Fortified church

No remains

 

 

07-23 Ginatilan

Probably 19th century/ Augustinians or secular clergy. Cebu’s secular clergy were in charge of Cebu Island’s western coast.

Fortified church

Little remains of fortification

 

 

07-24 Liloan Point Bagacay (Farola de Bagacay)

Uncertain, probably 19th century./ Probably military

Watchtower, Lighthouse

Degraded

 

 

07-25 Mactan Island Southeast Coast

Unknown/ Unknown

Fortifications

Ruins

 

 

07-26

Malabuyoc

Probably 19th century/ Probably secular clergy

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-27 Mandaue

19th cent?; probably after 1815/ Attributed to the Recollects

Watchtower

Renovated

 

 

07-28 Minglanilla

Insufficient data

Watchtower

Renovated

 

 

07-29 Oslob Daanglungsod Town

1789/ Most likely Augustinians

Fortified settlement

Ruins

 

 

 

07-30 Oslob Daanglungsod Tower

1789/ Most likely Augustinians

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-31 Oslob Poblacion

1830-ca. 1858/ Various Augustinians: Julian Bermejo, Juan Aragones, Apolinar Alvarez, Mauricio Alvarez

Fortfiied chuch

Ruins

 

 

07-32 Oslob Watchtower

Late 18th-19th century?/ Most likely Augustinians

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-33 Samboan

Uncertain, probably late 18th to  mid-19th cent.  The parish of San Miguel in Samboan was established in 1784. / Probably secular clergy.

Belltower

Degraded

 

 

07-34 Sogod

ca. 1832/  Most likely secular clergy

Watchtower

Ruins

 

Bohol

07-35 Baclayon

18th century: church built 1727, other structures uncertain dates of construction./ Jesuits

Fortified church

Renovated

 

 

 

07-36 Balilihan

1840/ Recollects

Belltower

 

Partial ruins

 

 

 

07-37 Cabilao

 

Most likely 18th century/ Recollects

Watchtower

 

Demolished

 

 

 

07-38 Cortes

 

Most likely, late-18th century to mid-19th century/ Probably Recollects

Fortified church

 

Degraded

 

 

 

07-39 Dauis Old Fort

 

18th cent/ Jesuit, probably Joseph Nepomuceno

Fortification

 

No remains

 

 

 

07-40 Dauis Tower

1774. The date is inscribed over the tower’s main entrance./ Santiago Corazon de Jesus, OAR

Watchtower

 

Good condition

 

 

 

07-41 Dimiao

Last quarter of the 18th century and 1817-21. / Recollects; 1817-21 construction by a maestro de obra under Enrique de Santo Tomas de Villanueva, OAR (parish priest of Dimíao 1797-1805, 1806-1812, and 1815-1817)

Fortification

Ruins

 

 

07-42 Jagna

Uncertain, insufficient data/ Probably Recollect

Watchtower

No remains

 

 

07-43 Loay Villalimpia

Probably 19th century/ Probably Recollects

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-44 Loboc

18th century/ Probably Jesuits.

Fortification

Uncertain

 

 

07-45 Loon

Fortification 1770s, present church 1855-64/ Fort by Recollects; church designed by Domingo Escondrillas, constructed under José Garcia, OAR

Fortified church

Ruins

 

 

07-46 Maribojoc

1778-1816; 1852-1872/ Recollects

Fortified church

Ruins

 

 

07-47 Panglao Island, Panglao

1851/ Recollects?

Belltower

Degraded

 

 

07-48 Pamilacan Island

Uncertain, probably 19th century?; 1877?/ Probably Recollect

Fortificatio

Ruins

 

 

07-49 Punta Cruz, Maribojoc

(San Vicente Ferrer)

1796/ Recollects

Fortification

Good condition

 

 

07-50 Tagbilaran

Uncertain/ Jesuits but most likely Recollects

Fortified church

Little remains

 

 

07-51 Tagbilaran (Escondrillas)

Second half of the 19th century, plan dated 1855/ Domingo de Escondrillas

Watchtower

Uncertain if built

 

 

07-52 Talibon

Insufficient data/ Probably Recollect

Fortified church

Ruins

 

 

07-53 Ubay

Uncertain, probably 19th century/ Probably Recollects

Watchtower

Ruins

 

Bantayan

07-54 Bantayan Plaza

Uncertain, but the following dates have been suggested: After 1628 raids; 1790 even later ca. 1863. /Local parish priest, secular clergy, especially Fr. Doroteo Andrada del Rosario

Fortified church

No remains

 

 

07-55 Bantayan Poblacion

Uncertain, various dates are given—After 1628 raids; after 1790. But 19th century is the most likely date of construction./ Secular clergy, attributed to Fr. Doroteo Andrada del Rosario

Fortified church

No remains

 

 

07-56 Kabac

After 1628 raids; 1790/ Uncertain

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-57 Kaongkod

After 1628 raids; 1790/ Uncertain

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-58 Madridejos

After 1628 raids; 1790 or 97?; other dates ca. 1860,1880./ Uncertain as various dates of construction have been reported. Attributed to Fr. Doroteo Andrada del Rosario (parish priest ca. 1839-63) or Fr. Juan Alcoseba (parish priest 1880s)

Bastioned fort

Renovated

 

 

07-59 Ocoy

Uncertain, various authors cite different dates—after 1628 raids; 1790; and as late as the 1860s/ Attributed to Fr. Doroteo Andrada del Rosario

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-60 Punta Baluarte

After 1628 raids; 1790s, 1860s/ Attributed to Fr. Doroteo Andrada del Rosario

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-61 Silion

After 1628 raids; 1790/ Uncertain

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-62 Santa Fe

Uncertain, various dates suggested—after 1628 raids; 1790/ Recollects? Most likely, secular clergy

Bastioned fort

Ruins

 

 

07-63 Suba

After 1628 raids; 1790/ Attributed to local parish priest, especially Fr. Doroteo Andrada del Rosario

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-64 Tamiao

After 1628 raids; 1790; another date given 1860s/ Attributed to Fr. Doroteo del Rosario

Watchtower

Ruins

 

Camotes

07-65 Poro

Probably late 18th century/ Recollects

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

07-66 San Francisco

Probably late 18th century/ Recollects

Watchtower

Ruins

 

Siquijor

07-67 Lazi

1884, 1887/ Toribio Sanchez, OAR

Belltower

Good conditon

 

 

07-68 Siquijor

1795/ Alonso de los Dolores OAR

Forfied church with independent Belltower

Fair condition

Region 8: Eastern Visayas

 

Northern Samar

08-01 Calomotan

Uncertain, insufficient data/ Uncertain

Watchtower

No remains

 

 

08-02 Capul Church

17th-18th cent/ Jesuits; renovated by the Franciscans

Bastioned fort

Degraded

 

 

08-03 Capul Tower

Uncertain, most likely built at the same time as the fortified church of Capul./ Probably Jesuits

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

08-04 Lauang

Probably second half of the 18th century/ Franciscans

Fortified church

Little remains

 

 

08-05 Palapag

Fortification and church Before 1649; repaired after 1650. Probable reconstruction of the church in the 18th century./ Jesuit, church complex builder Fr. Otazo; SJ, Ignacio Alzina, SJ

Fortified church

Fortification-some remains; church-recently restored

 

 

08-06 Laoang Island Simbujan

Uncertain, Insufficient data/ Uncertain

Quadrilateral fort

Unconfirmed

 

Samar

08-07 Basey

Probably late 18th to 19th centuries/ Probably Jesuits and/ or Franciscans

Fortified church

Little remains

 

 

08-08 Catbalogan

18th century/ Jesuit

Fortified church

Partial remains

 

 

08-09 Paranas [Wright]

Uncertain/ Probably Jesuits

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

08-10 Zumarraga [Buad] (Santa Barbara)

Probably 18th century/ Uncertain either Jesuits or  Franciscans

Fortification

Ruins

 

 

08-11 Villareal [Umauas]

Probably 18th century/ Attributed to the Jesuits

Fortification

Ruins

 

Eastern Samar

08-12 Guiuan

Probably 18th century/ Jesuits, repaired by Franciscans 19th century

Fortified church

Renovated

 

 

08-13 Sulat

Before 1768/ Attributed to the Jesuits

Fortified church

Partial remains

 

 

08-14 Taft [Tubig]

Before 1768/ Attributed to the Jesuits

Fortified church

Little remains

 

Biliran

08-15 Maripipi

Before 1768. The precise date for the construction of the watchtower is uncertain as documents about the fortification are lacking./ Jesuits

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

08-16 Nasunugan

18th century; ca. 1765 to 1774; burned ca. 1774/ Attributed to Pbro. Gaspar Ignacio de Guevara

Fortification

Ruins

 

 

08-17 Ilawod

before 1712/ Probably Jesuits or probably the military if the watchtower is associated with the shipyard of Panamao (former name of Biliran Island).

Watchtower

Unconfirmed

 

Leyte

08-18 Abuyog

1718/ Jesuit

Fortified church

No remains

 

 

08-19 Alangalang

Before 1768/ Jesuits

Fortified convento

No remains

 

 

08-20 Babatngon

1862/ Most likely, Franciscans as the Leyte island was under the care of the friars from 1834 onwards

 

No remains reported

 

 

08-21 Barugo

Before 1768/ Jesuits

Fortified church

No remains

 

 

08-22 Between Carigara and Barugo

Probably 18th century/ Most likely Jesuits

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

08-23 Carigara

Before 1754/ Jesuits

Fortification

No remains

 

 

08-24 Dagami

Before 1768/ Jesuit

Fortified church

No remains

 

 

08-25 Dulag

Before 1768 and 19th century/ Jesuits and Cipriano Barbasan, OSA

Fortified church

No remains

 

 

08-26 Hilongos

By the 18th century/ Jesuits

Fortified church

Degraded; church renovated

 

 

08-27 Ormoc City

Existing remains uncertain, but earlier fort built ca. 1634/ Earlier fort by Juan del Carpio, SJ; possible builders after Carpio

Fortified church

Some remains

 

 

08-28 Palompon

Before 1768/ Jesuits

Fortified church

No remains

 

 

08-29 Matalom

1841/ Augustinians?

Watchtower

Renovated

 

 

08-30 Palo

18th century, most like ca. 1718 when a stone church was built/ Jesuits

Fortification

No remains

 

 

08-31 Tanauan

1630s-1704/ Jesuits, beginning of construction attributed to Melchor de Vera

Fortified church

Some remains

 

Southern Leyte

08-32 San Juan (Cabalian)

1620s/ Jesuits

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

08-33-34 Hinunangan

Probably before 1768/ Probably Jesuits

Watchtower

Good condition

 

 

08-35-36 Hinunangan

Uncertain/ Uncertain

Watchtower

Good condition

 

 

08-37 Maasin Church

1874 (church); 1781 (fort)/ Church and convento by Franciscans; fort probably by Augustinians or secular clergy?

Fortified church

Degraded fortification, church renovated

 

 

08-38 Maasin Market

Probably 18th century/ Uncertain

Watchtower

Burnt 1993

 

 

08-39-40 Malitbog

1862/ Uncertain, probably military

Watchtower

Ruins

 

 

08-41 Sogod

late 18th – early 19th centuries / Attributed to the Secular or diocesan clergy

Watchtower

Ruins

Region

Province

Catalogue Number Muncipality/ City

Date of construction/ Builder

Type

Status

 

 

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